From: Emmanuel Seck, Enda Energy
The Bonn Climate talks held from 01 to 11 June addressed the 42nd session of UNFCCC Subsidiary bodies and the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP).
Based on the draft negotiation text produced at the Geneva session in February 2015, lining out options and elements for the Paris agreement, the Bonn June session was specifically focused on revising and consolidating the text. During the session modest progress was made and there are less than seven months left for negotiators to speed up their efforts to slim down the draft text for a new global climate deal due in Paris in December.
Based on a mandate given to the co-chairs of the ADP a further streamlined text will be issued by 24 July to serve as the basis for substantive negotiations to take place at the next ADP session at the end of August.
Presently our common climate challenge is to be on a path that limits the increase of the temperature to 1.5 ºC or 2 ºC. To reach that goal, we need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70% in 2050 compared to their 2010 level, according to the latest IPCC report. At the same time we need to leave 80% of the current known fossil fuel reserves under the ground.
Is that achievable today? Looking at the contributions, which are the emission reduction targets that Parties have to submit before Paris, even the most ambitious submitted ones do not reach this level of ambition. A push of ambition may come from the Group of Seven (G7) industrial nations, which are aiming at the “decarbonisation of the global economy over the course of this century” and also promised to cut greenhouse-gas emissions by the “upper end” of a range between 40-70% of 2010 levels by 2050.